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Retina and Vitreous Diseases

The retina is the nerve tissue in the back of the eye where the pictures we see are captured. It's like the film in a camera. The vitreous is the gel-like substance that fills the eyeball. It contains millions of fine fibers that attach to the retina. The health of the retina and vitreous is vital to our vision.

Conditions that affect the retina are more common in people age 50 and older. Many of these conditions can cause vision loss and blindness.

Symptoms of retina disease

If you have any of the following signs of retina disease, you should see a specialized retina doctor.

  • New floaters or flashes of light
  • Dark shadows in the vision
  • A curtain covering part of the vision
  • New blurriness or distorted vision

Conditions affecting the retina and vitreous

  • AMD is the leading cause of blindness and vision loss for Americans age 65 and older. If the blood vessels in the eye have not leaked, this is dry AMD. Left untreated, this condition gets progressively worse. Wet AMD occurs in more advanced forms of the disease when blood vessels in the eye leak and many new blood vessels develop in the macula, which is the center of the retina.

  • People who have surgical treatment for complicated cataract require an interdisciplinary care team to ensure they receive the best possible outcome.

  • When the blood sugar is too high over time, diabetic eye disease may result. Conditions include diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema. If untreated, these conditions can result in significant loss of vision or blindness.

  • This rare condition occurs after cataract surgery and results in the displacement of the implanted lens. In some cases, the lens may enter the vitreous fluid in the cavity of the eye, which can lead to retinal detachment.

  • This inflammation of the intraocular fluids typically results from infection. The condition requires emergency treatment. In serious cases, blindness may result.

  • This condition, also known as choroiditis, results in inflammation in the eye and may affect the retina and optic nerve. It can lead to permanent vision loss.

  • Retinal detachment occurs when the retina pulls or peels away from the layer of blood vessels at the back of the eye. Symptoms occur suddenly and require prompt emergency treatment. Retinal tears also result in sudden symptoms and require immediate treatment. Retinal tears can lead to retinal detachment.

  • Any blow to the eye and the tissue and bone around it should be promptly evaluated, even when cases appear minor. See a doctor if you have pain, bleeding or vision problems.

Treatment for retina diseases

Our retina specialists use the latest diagnostic and surgical technology to offer a variety of leading-edge treatments.

Doctors and nurses collaborating

Leading research and clinical trials

As part of one of the nation's premier academic medical centers, our care providers are committed to research and scientific discovery through the University of Kansas Medical Center. We can often include our patients in potentially lifesaving clinical trials and treatment options not available anywhere else.

Our Research

Ask your physician, optometrist or ophthalmologist to refer you for a consultation or service at our health system eye center, conveniently located in Prairie Village, Kansas.

Our board-certified retina specialists