Traumatic Brain Injury

A traumatic brain injury is a brain dysfunction that occurs following a blunt strike or hard blow to the head. Sports injuries and vehicle accidents are common causes.

Our experts are experienced in diagnosing and treating traumatic brain injury. These injuries often require both immediate and ongoing attention to achieve a full recovery.

About traumatic brain injury

When an outside force, such as a blow, affects the head, traumatic brain injury can occur. About 200,000 cases occur in the United States every year.

Though emergency care may be necessary and can help stabilize a person's immediate safety and well-being, the brain itself may require a longer, slower recovery period.

  • With a traumatic brain injury, damage does not occur only at the moment of impact. It evolves during the hours and days after the initial injury as the brain swells.

    Traumatic brain injuries may cause:

    • Headaches
    • Confusion
    • Fatigue
    • Vision problems
    • Walking or balance issues
    • Concentration challenges

    Symptoms may appear immediately after the injury or emerge days or weeks later. Often, the patient may not realize a brain injury has occurred, seeking medical help only later when symptoms may emerge or persist.

  • Our specialists work as a collaborative, interdisciplinary team to provide patients with complete care for traumatic brain injury. Evidence-based treatments and state-of-the-art medical technologies help our experts address immediate needs and control secondary damage to avoid lifelong disabilities.

    Treatment may begin in the emergency setting. Exams and advanced imaging are used to evaluate the injury and determine a personalized treatment plan. Neurosurgery may be necessary, but often rest and medication to control symptoms, like headaches or nausea, may be the only treatment needed.

    Follow-up care is extremely important to ensuring a full recovery from traumatic brain injury. We offer a comprehensive traumatic brain injury clinic to provide you with full and convenient follow-up support. In a single visit, you can receive an evaluation by a neurosurgeon, neurologist, neuropsychiatrist and physical and occupational therapist.

We bring together perspectives from each of our specialties to develop the care plan. That is the value we offer, looking at the patient’s experience from all angles and planning care together with a global view. – Tanya Filardi, MD

Neurosurgery physician
Patient support group.

Support groups

We also offer a support group for traumatic brain injury patients. Through ongoing meetings, we provide support for patients’ long-term physical, emotional and functional needs. Support groups offer information, education and encouragement.

Learn more

Our experts

Learn more about our neuroscience leaders in traumatic brain injury treatment.