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Male Reproduction

Infertility is a condition that affects both women and men. Male infertility refers to the inability of a male to contribute to conception with a fertile female. Studies show that in approximately 45% of couples with infertility, the male partner is either the sole cause or a contributing cause of infertility. Therefore treatment of infertile couples includes assessment and potentially treatment of both male and female partners. 

Important aspects of understanding male infertility include:


Causes of male infertility

  • The sperm's exit route is blocked (from birth, by scarring from infection, past vasectomy, etc.)
  • Retrograde ejaculate (semen is ejaculated backwards, into the bladder)
  • Sperm production in the testes is low or absent (there can be many causes for this finding)
  • Oligospermia or azoospermia (when sperm count is too low, sperm has a much lower chance of reaching and fertilizing the egg, leading to infertility)
  • TESE
  • Klinefelter syndrome
  • Vasectomy (can be considered a cause of male infertility if the male partner changes his mind about having children after having had a vasectomy)
  • Varicocele
  • Blockage in a man's reproductive system
  • Medications
  • Spinal cord injury

Our specialists offer expertise in reproductive urology to facilitate care of each couple experiencing difficulties conceiving.

Our specialist

Treatment options for male infertility

  • Artificial insemination (or intrauterine insemination, IUI)
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
  • Testicular sperm extraction (TESE) / testicular biopsy, MESA
  • ICSI
  • Varicocelectomy
  • Vasectomy reversal
  • Donor sperm

Male health and fertility

We offer a variety of appointment types. Learn more or call 913-588-1227 to schedule now.