Infertility is a condition that affects both women and men. Male infertility refers to the inability of a male to contribute to conception with a fertile female. Studies show that in approximately 45% of couples with infertility, the male partner is either the sole cause or a contributing cause of infertility. Therefore treatment of infertile couples includes assessment and potentially treatment of both male and female partners.
Important aspects of understanding male infertility include:
Causes of male infertility
- The sperm's exit route is blocked (from birth, by scarring from infection, past vasectomy, etc.)
- Retrograde ejaculate (semen is ejaculated backwards, into the bladder)
- Sperm production in the testes is low or absent (there can be many causes for this finding)
- Oligospermia or azoospermia (when sperm count is too low, sperm has a much lower chance of reaching and fertilizing the egg, leading to infertility)
- Klinefelter syndrome
- Vasectomy (can be considered a cause of male infertility if the male partner changes his mind about having children after having had a vasectomy)
- Blockage in a man's reproductive system
- Spinal cord injury
Our specialists offer expertise in reproductive urology to facilitate care of each couple experiencing difficulties conceiving.