Infertility Treatment

Infertility is a common problem that affects about 1 in 10 couples in the United States. The University of Kansas Health System in Kansas City offers all of today's most innovative treatments for infertility. Our comprehensive program includes a team of specialists that collaborate to provide you with advanced, complete and compassionate care.

What causes infertility?

Infertility can be caused by a number of factors, such as health problems, genetic defects, chronic conditions, infections or other issues. Understanding the cause of your infertility is critical for developing the best treatment plan for you.

Your testing and treatment options

There are many treatment options available for infertility. Options that may be appropriate in your situation will be presented by your physician. An overview of treatment options includes:

  • Comprehensive evaluation and diagnosis
  • Advanced genetic testing
    • Preimplantation genetic diagnosis
    • Preimplantation genetic screening
  • General infertility treatments
    • Ovulation induction
    • Controlled ovarian stimulation
    • Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
    • Donor insemenation services
    • Recurrent miscarriage treatment
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF) and advanced reproductive medicine
    • IVF
    • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
    • Blastocyst culture
    • Embryo freezing
    • Testicular sperm extraction
    • Microscopic testicular sperm extraction
  • Third-pary parenting
    • Donor egg IVF
    • Donor embryo
    • Donor sperm
    • Surrogacy
  • Male infertility services
    • Semen analysis
    • Semen cryopreservation and storage
    • Semen preparation for IUI and IVF
  • Fertility preservation
    • Egg freezing
    • Sperm freezing
    • Ovarian tissue freezing and transplantation
    • Medical treatments for fertility preservation

In vitro fertilization

In vitro fertilization (IVF) involves retrieving eggs and sperm to induce fertilization in a laboratory environment. To date, thousands of babies have been delivered worldwide as a result of IVF treatment. Over the years, the procedures to achieve IVF pregnancy have become simpler, safer and more successful.

There are several steps to accomplish pregnancy with IVF:
  • Stimulation of the ovary to produce several fertilizable eggs (oocytes)
  • Retrieval of the eggs from the ovary
  • Fertilization of the eggs and culture of the embryos in the IVF laboratory
  • Placement of the embryos into the uterus for implantation (embryo transfer)

When IVF becomes an option

  • Absent fallopian tubes or tubal disease that cannot be treated successfully by surgery
  • Endometriosis that has not responded to surgical or medical treatment
  • A male factor contributing to infertility, in which sperm count, motility or morphology are low but enough sperm can be produced or retrieved by surgical means to allow fertilization in the laboratory
  • Unexplained infertility that has not responded to other treatments
  • Third-party parenting
  • Donor egg IVG
  • Surrogacy

Blastocyst culture

Blastocyst culture is a technique used for in vitro fertilization in which embryos are cultured for 3 days before being transferred to the uterus. This method maximizes the chance for pregnancy while minimizing multiple pregnancies.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICS) is used with in vitro fertilization when defective sperm prevent fertilization. With ICS, a single sperm is injected directly into an egg.

Intrauterine insemination

Intrauterine insemination, or IUI, involves increasing the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes by placing sperm inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization.

Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation

Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation uses fertility medication to induce ovulation by multiple ovarian follicles.

Ovulation induction

When the ovary fails to release eggs due to a variety of factors, we can use medication to induce the release in a process called ovulation induction (OI). We have many different medications to help with infertility. We may prescribe oral medications, perform injections or a combination of both.

When taking pills, injections or a combination, we monitor your infertility treatment cycles. You may need ovulation prediction kits to track your ovulation or ultrasound to see how your ovaries respond to the medicine. You may also need blood work to monitor your hormones.

Need help making an appointment?

Call 913-588-1227 or request an appointment online.